Python-vs-go

Python vs Go | Which One is Best And Why?

Python vs Go is a crucial comparison for the students who want to choose the best programming language between these programming languages. Python is one of the oldest programming languages globally, but it is still popular and widely used by programmers. On the other hand, Go is a modern programming language. It is also known as Golang. It is used for system applications and programming.

On the other hand, Python is used for web based applications and database applications. It is widely popular for data analytics and data science. Python is a multi-paradigm programming language, while Go is a functional and procedural programming language. Apart from that Python is also an imperative and reflective programming language. In contrast, Go is a strongly typed programming language. 

Python

It is one of those programming languages that doesn’t need any introduction. The initial version of Python was released in the year 1991. It was designed and developed by Guido van Rossum. The intention behind the Python development was to develop the easy to improve the code readability.

That is why the Python Syntax is easy to read and understand without any special symbol. It is a dynamically typed and interpreted programming language. ‘Python is an open-source programming language. It is a multi-paradigm high-level programming language. It has been observed that Python has motivated lots of people to learn coding. Python syntax uses indentation to indicate code blocks.

Go programming language

Go is the short form of Golang. It is one of the most popular modern-day programming languages. It was designed and developed by Google in the year 2007. The co-founders of Go programming languages are Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. It is a statically typed programming language that helps to catch bugs at compile time.

There can be some chances that the code can contain bugs, but it eliminated serious bugs in later production. It is a compiled programming language and also an open-source programming language that is maintained by Google. Go is derived from C language that is why it is a part of C-Family programming languages.

It has an in build garbage collector that is used to handle memory leaks. The intention behind the development of Go is to offer the most readable and faster programming language. It supports Procedural, functional, and concurrent programming paradigms. Go syntax is based on the opening and closing braces.

Python vs Go Comparison Table

Below is the list of points, Describe the comparison Between Python vs Go.

GoPython
Its paradigms are Procedural, functional and concurrent language.Python is a multi paradigm programming language 
It is Statically typed languageIt is Dynamically typed language
It is considered as a system language.More focused on writing web applications.
Go has a brilliant support for memory management.Python doesn’t have great memory management.
Its web programming has a great support for debugging to find the bugs.It is a dynamically-typed, programming language. It checks for bugs at run-time.
Go is not an object-oriented programming language. Therefore it doesn’t have support classes and objects.Python is an object oriented programming language and supports classes and objects. It also supports most of OOPs functions.
Go code is similar to C++ that is why it needs more code to perform the same number of actions.It requires fewer lines of code compared to Go.

Top 6 Comparison Between Python vs Go

Performance

Python is quite a slow programming language because it is a scripting programming language, and it needs to be interpreted before the execution of the code. On the other hand, Go is developed for faster speed. It doesn’t require anything in the run time. Even it is offering a similar speed to C/C++ programming languages. Now you can have an idea of how much faster Golang is.

Simplicity

When it comes to simplicity, then both of the programming languages are close enough. Python is known for its simplicity, and it offers easy to understand syntax that makes it more readable. It is also a flexible programming language, which means that you can easily modify the Python code without any hassle. On the other hand, Go is a modern programming language that comes with clear syntax. Google launches it with proper planning; that is why it doesn’t contain any unnecessary components. 

Security

If we talk about security, then Python has a better security feature over Go. It is a strongly typed programming language. That is why it is a compiled programming language and comes with a security layer. The code written in Python is quite secure.

On the other hand, Go is not a secure programming language. Every variable in Go must have a type associated with it. It means that the details can’t be let away by the developer. Therefore it leads the change for bugs in the final code.

Libraries

Python is one of the well known programming languages in the world. There are tons of libraries available in Python for different purposes. You can also have the third party libraries support in Python. It has libraries for machine learning, data science, web development, data analytics, and many more.

And the best part is that the new and improved libraries are kept adding in Python. Go is a modern programming language, and it has a limited number of libraries. But as soon as Go is going to be popular, then Go will also have enough libraries for different functionality. However, Go is improving every passing year.

Purpose

Python is the leading programming language to solve data science problems. It is also used in modern-day technologies such as machine learning, artificial intelligence, and many more. It is also the preferred programming language for web application development. On the other hand, Go is the best programming language for system programming.

Complexity

Python is a simple programming language when you use it for some basic to intermediate programming tasks. But it becomes more complicated when you need to build a complex system with Python. Even in some cases, if you are stuck in a problem with Python then it can become more challenging for you to get out of this problem. Sometimes the simplicity of Python makes it more complex.

On the other hand, Go can never become complex because it is specially designed for simplicity, and you can use it for complex projects without having any trouble. Even you can build a complex project rapidly with Go.

Conclusion

In contrast, both Python and Go have some pros and cons. It depends on your understanding ability and your area of interest. These programming languages are quite readable. Even beginners can easily understand these programming codes. These programming languages also offer cross-platform compatibility.

That is why you need not have any special operating system installed on your computer.  Python is a general-purpose programming language used for various purposes such as web development, animation, graphics, machine learning, and data science.

On the other hand, Go is used for networking services. Python is quite similar to pseudocode; that is why it is used for algorithms and data structures. Go is one of the fastest programming languages in the world. It is easy to write and comes along with Go doc to automatically generate documentation that makes it quite easy to use for the programmers.

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