python vs matlab

Python vs Matlab | Which is The Best For Modern Technologies

Python vs Matlab is always one of the crucial battles for engineering students. Most of the time, the students are not able to choose the best one between Python and MATLAB. We know that both of these programming languages have their pros and cons. Apart from that, these programming languages have their usage in different aspects of engineering.

Both of these programming languages are playing a crucial role in the field of engineering. But there are huge differences between MATLAB vs Python. Here in this blog, we will compare these languages on the basis of some crucial points. Let’s get started with the definition of both of these programming languages.   


Python is the most powerful high-level programming language in the world. It is object-oriented programming and also an interactive programming language. It is quite similar to PERL and Ruby. It is one of the simplest programming languages than any other programming language. We know that most programming languages are hard to read and implement.

But Python programming is quite easy to read and implement. It is an open-source programming language, and anyone can use it without paying a single penny. Also, you need not buy any specific computer system to run a Python program. You can run Python code on any computer system without making any changes in the code.

The significant use of Python is for technical computing. Apart from that we can also use Python for visualization. It also offers an easy to use programming interface to the programmers. In 1991 Guido Van Russum developed Python at Python software foundation. He developed this programming language to enhance code readability in programming. The programmer can do quick and efficient programming with the help of Python. It is also quite easy to integrate systems in Python. Python also offers an extensive library to perform a variety of functions.


MATLAB stands for Matrix Laboratory. It offers a multi-paradigm numerical computing environment. Math Works developed it. We can do a lot of things with the help of MATLAB. It allows matrix manipulations, plotting of functions and data, implementation of algorithms, and many more.

We can also do the creation of user interfaces, and interfacing with programs written in other languages such as C, C++, and Java. MATLAB has a Live Editor for creating scripts that combine code, output, and formatted text. MATLAB is the most powerful programming language for technical computing. In MATLAB.

We can also integrate computation, visualization, and programming in MATLAB within an easy-to-use environment. In MATLAB, all the problems and solutions are expressed in mathematical notation. The primary purpose of MATLAB is to solve linear algebra problems. The best part of MATLAB is, it offers a variety of toolboxes for control design, image processing, digital signal processing, and so on.

It is also quite fast to do programming in MATLAB all because of its toolbox. You can also extend the features of MATLAB with the help of additional toolboxes in MATLAB. 

Is Python better than MATLAB?

AnalyticsInsight.Net found that while both Matlab and Python were able to produce the same results, Matlab was faster. While Python can handle image processing, Matlab has native toolboxes designed for image processing, and it’s faster.

Is Python harder than MATLAB?

From my very limited experience, MATLAB was a whole lot easier to use than Python. Being able to do matrix and vector operations directly in MATLAB (rather than having to go through NumPy in Python) was extremely nice.

Can MATLAB replace Python?

There are things each can do slightly more easily than the other, but in general Python can be a replacement for MATLAB. Most things in MATLAB toolboxes can be found in Python libraries or easily recreated. Python is more flexible than MATLAB as a general language and it can get much better performance.

Is Python faster than MATLAB?

The python results are very similar, showing that the statsmodels OLS function is highly optimized. On the other hand, Matlab shows significant speed improvements and demonstrates how native linear algebra code is preferred for speed. For this example, Matlab is roughly three times faster than python.

Do engineers use MATLAB or Python?

MATLAB is the easiest and most productive computing environment for engineers and scientists. It includes the MATLAB language, the only top programming language dedicated to mathematical and technical computing. In contrast, Python is a general-purpose programming language.

Should I learn Python or MATLAB first?

In summary, it is good to have both but definitely start off with python. I personally prefer MATLAB. When you are working on scientific computing, particularly if you need to handle matrices and vectors then MATLAB will give you the best experience. But it is quite costly, so many students prefer Python.

Python vs Matlab Tubular Form

Basis Of Comparison Between Python vs MatlabPythonMatlab
DefinitionNumeric arrays and data type(A high-level, general-purpose programming language)Math and Matrix oriented languages(MATLAB is the high-performance language for technical computing)
UsagePython can be used for web programming (Zope, Google App Engine, and much more)MATLAB allows matrix manipulations, plotting of functions and data, creation of user interfaces
BenefitsExtensive support libraries.Open source and community development.Matlab allows you to test algorithms immediately without the act of compiling,
PerformanceHigh-performance linear algebra, graphics, and statistics. Optimized library callsImproved performance requires installing, compiling, validating, and adopting developer-oriented add-ons.
AcademicsIt was developed by the Python software foundation in the year 1991.Matlab basic version is on the market since the 1970s.
LibraryIt consists of an extensive standard libraryThe standard library does not contain generic programming functionality.
Real-timeSupportPersonalized email and phone supportNo personalized real-time support
EmbeddedCodeGenerationNo comprehensive, Automatic  codegeneration for embedded systems.MATLAB code generates readable, portable c and c++ code

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Python vs Matlab

Ease of learning

If we talk about the ease of learning of both of these languages, then there is no clear winner. Ease of learning means how complex it is to learn any programming language. It’s syntaxes, programming structure, and learning resources.

Because Python is one of the easiest programming languages with the most straightforward syntax. All you need to have the basic to basic knowledge of programming to work on Python. There are lots of resources available online where you can learn programming for free. There is a python community where you can share your coding problems with other users. Apart from this, you can also find the proper documentation of Python on their official website to start with Python. 

On the other hand, MATLAB is all about toolboxes. If you want to work in MATLAB, you can do it with drop and down methods. MATLAB offers toolboxes to the users to perform any task in MATLAB. If you want to start with MATLAB, you need to have a little training with this programming language. You can find the best community support on their official website where you can share your problems, queries, and other information with a massive number of programmers.


Cost always matters when it comes to programming. Therefore the programmers always look for the open-source programming language. With open-source programming languages, they perform various tasks on those programming languages. 

Python is an open-source programming language. Thus there is no need to spend the single penny to use Python. Most programmers are widely using Python. Apart from that, the beginner programmers are also preferring Python because they can get started with Python without investing a single penny.

On the other hand, MATLAB is the most expensive programming language in the world. You need to pay a tremendous amount of money to use MATLAB. Mathworks also offers the students version, which is quite cheaper than the full version of MATLAB. Apart from that, if your school or colleges have purchased the campus-wide license, then you can use it for it with the help of access. 

Matlab vs Python Popularity

Popularity in programming languages stands for how much the programmers prefer the language. The programming language’s popularity depends on various aspects.

Python is one of the most popular programming languages as compared with MATLAB. You can see the popularity of Python over MATLAB. The ease of access, simplicity, and ease of learning makes Python more popular than MATLAB.

On the other hand, MATLAB is less popular because it is a costly programming language. Also, it has limited features as compared with Python. If you want to expand the MATLAB features, then you need to purchase the additional toolboxes.

Python vs MATLAB for data analysis

Data analysis is a technique in which various data operations can be performed on the data. Nowadays, data analysis is getting more popular because the data is growing at a rapid pace.

Python offers additional packages to the programmers to analyze the data. Therefore Python is playing a crucial role in big data technologies. You can perform various data analysis operations with Python without any hassle.

MATLAB is also a good option for data analysis. You can do the data analysis operation with MATLAB using its toolboxes. If you are familiar with Excel, then you can find MATLAB a lot easier for data analysis operations. You can perform all the basic data analysis access operations with MATLAB. Apart from that, you can also perform the enhanced data analysis operation with MATLAB.

Python vs MATLAB performance

Performance stands for how a programming language is capable of performing any given task. The speed of programming language is also a crucial part of the programming language performance. 

Most programmers say that Python is slower than other programming languages. But as an open-source programming language, Python is quite faster to perform most of the operation. Apart from that, if we talk about some of the common tasks performed by MATLAB or Python, then Python is quite slower.

On the other hand, MATLAB is a paid programming language. Therefore this programming language is known for its performance. You can perform a variety of tasks using MATLAB at a rapid speed.

Python vs MATLAB Machine Learning

Machine learning is getting more popular these days. There are lots of job opportunities in machine learning. The programming users those programming languages which are best to develop machine learning programs.

Python is the best programming language to develop machine learning programs. There are lots of packages in Python which are efficient in developing machine learning programs. The programmers prefer Python for machine learning. Moreover, Python is capable of working with the next-gen programming language, which is used to develop machine learning applications.

MATLAB is not as good as Python to develop machine learning programs. It offers lots of add-ons that are used to develop machine learning programming. It is one of the best programming languages for image processing, which is also a part of machine learning technology. Bytheway MATLAB is the most powerful programming language for image processing. 


In the end, we can say that Python is a lot better than MATLAB in many terms; we can use this programming language for various tasks. I would also like to mention here that Python is not a clear alternative to Python. But you can perform most of the functions of MATLAB with the help of Python. You can also try it for free. So what are you waiting for? Start learning Python from scratch and get the best jobs in the industry. 

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