python vs perl

Python vs Perl: Which One is A Better Option for You?

Python vs Perl is the crucial battle between the object-oriented programming languages in the world. Both of these programming languages have lots of similarities. That’s what the students get into hassle while choosing one of them for their career. Here in this blog, we will have an in-depth comparison between Python vs Perl to determine which one is the best programming language for your career

Python

Python is a general-purpose, open-source programming language. It is a high-level and most powerful programming language. The intention behind the development of Python programming was to offer the most straightforward language to beginners. It was developed in 1991 by Guido Van Rossum. He established a foundation for Python programming, i.e., now a Python software foundation. The motive behind the development of Python was to emphasize code readability. And save the time of the programmer to write fewer lines of code to implement something with Python. It is one of the simplest programming languages in the world. Anyone can start learning Python without having a solid programming background.

Features

  • Python is an open-source programming language. Anyone can use it in their commercial projects. Apart from that, its open-source nature allows the developer to take part in its development. You can access this programming language on any platform, such as Windows, Mac, and Linux.
  • Python is an interpreted programming language that reads the code line by line and notices the error when it finds the code. It doesn’t read all the code at once and then provides you with the error. When it finds the errors, it notifies you about the error.
  • Python is a general-purpose programming language. It can be used in almost every technology globally, such as web development, game development, data analytics, data science, and many more.

Perl

Perl is one of the best object-oriented programming languages in the world. It was developed in 1987 by Larry Wall. The primary purpose behind the development of Perl programming was to create it for text processing. You can perform almost every task with Perl that you expect from the general-purpose programming language. If you have a good command of C and C++, you will find Perl quite easy. It is an open-source programming language that is used to build and implement applications in Unix systems. LIkewise C programming, Perl also requires a semicolon to end the line. Perl is not an easy programming language.

Features

  • Perl uses scalar variables, and these variables can hold more than one value at a time. It can be a number or a series of numbers.
  • Perl is the leading programming language for documentation and functional extension.
  • It is also a general-purpose programming language. And its core features and applications are text processing and string analysis.
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Some of the Questions Asked by People

Is Perl dying

Yes, if we talk about the current scenario, then Perl is a dying programming language. There are plenty of reasons behind this, and the first thing is that Perl is offering complex syntax. Apart from that, it has limited capability and can’t be integrated with modern programming languages. Moreover, you can’t use it for the latest technologies.

Why Perl is so fast

Perl is a compiled scripting language. It is not similar to other scripting languages that take more time. Perl compiles itself into a highly optimized language before executing the code. It is one of the fastest scripting languages. Even in some cases, it offers a similar speed to the C language.

Python vs Perl scripting

Code readability has become an essential aspect of the scripting language. So that if we talk about the difference between Perl and python scripts. Python is one of the simplest scripting languages. On the other hand, Perl has borrowed its syntax from the C language. That is why it has one of the most complex syntaxes in any scripting language.

Python vs Perl performance

If we talk about the performance, then Python is far behind Perl programming. It has been observed that Python took almost 10 seconds in text processing while Perl took nearly 2 seconds for text processing. Even Python’s latest version takes almost 8 seconds for the same, and Perl’s new version takes only 1.5 seconds for the same. Now you can think that Perl is much faster than Perl as compared with Python.

Which is better Perl or Python?

As a whole, Python is better than Perl. Yes, Python has more code readability as compared with Perl. Python has its syntax, while Perl borrows its syntax from other programming languages such as C, C++, and other programming languages. Its regular expressions are quite hard for beginners. If you don’t have a programming language and you would like to start coding, then Python is always a better option for you.

Can Python replace Perl?

Although, Python and Perl don’t have lots of similar functionalities. But still, you want to have the answer to this question, then I would say. Yes!. Python can replace Perl in almost all parameters. Python is quite a powerful and interactive programming language that can work with any other programming language. But if you won’t compromise with the speed, Python can’t replace Perl for you.

Is Perl faster than Python

Yes, Perl is one of the fastest programming languages. It can take a couple of milliseconds to compile a small amount of code. On the other hand, Python takes a couple of seconds to interpret the same amount of code. Python is one of the slowest programming languages in the world. Some libraries in Python can make it fast, but it is still slower than Perl.

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Which is easier to learn Perl or Python

Perl is one of the most complex programming languages in the world. It is similar to other traditional programming languages, i.e., C, C++, Java, etc. If you are familiar with these programming languages, then you can find them easy to learn. On the other hand, Python is always the most straightforward programming language. Therefore it is also easier to learn a programming language than Perl.

What is the difference between Perl and Python?

FeaturePerlPython
IntroductionPerl is a general purpose and high level programming language. It is basically used for CGI scripts. CPanel and Bugzilla are also built on Perl programming. The major intention to design the scripting language is to replace shell script.Python is one of the most popular multipurpose programming languages in the world. It is a high level multi paradigm programming language. It has a rich library that is used in almost every modern day technologies such as data science, machine learning and so on.
WhitespacesThere is no use of whitespace in Perl programming.Whitespaces play a crucial role in Python programming. If you don’t use whitespace properly in Python then you can get the error.
File ExtensionPerl has a .pl extension. Whenever you see a file that has .pl extension then you can understand that it is a Perl file.Python offers a .py file extension for its file. Whenever you used it Whenever you see a file extension with .py then the file is of Python/
End of StatementYou should end each statement with a semicolon otherwise it will; considered an incomplete statement. There is no importance of semicolons in Python programming. It ended the statement with whitespaces. 
Statement BlocksBraces play an important role in Perl. It is used to mark the statement blocks.Indentation are the key elements for the statement blocks in Python programming.
DatatypesSome of the crucial data types of Perl are numeric, string, Scalars, Arrays, Hashes.Some of the crucial data types of Python are numeric, strings, lists, dictionaries, tuples.

Perl vs Python

Resources

Perl is not as popular as Python; therefore, it doesn’t offer enough resources to take the help related to Perl. But if you are willing to learn Perl programming, you can find some resources from their official site. On the other hand, there are unlimited resources to learn Python. You can find its resources from its official site to the many different programming communities in the world.

Future

If we talk about the future of Perl programming, then I am not sure about its great future. Being one of the faster programing languages won’t let you be competitive in the world of modern and better programming languages. On the other hand, Python offers lots of features used in modern-day technologies and can also be used in future technologies; that is why Python would have a great future compared with Perl.

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Ease of Learning

Perl is not an easy to learn scripting language. Its syntaxes are entirely based on the C language. That makes it quite hard to learn for beginners. On the other hand, Python is one of the simplest scripting languages to learn. That is why it is always easy for beginners to learn the python programming language.

Used by Companies

Which companies use Perl?

The following companies use Perl

  1. Amazon
  2. Booking.com
  3. Duckduckgo
  4. Shutterstock
  5. Deviantart
  6. Venmo
  7. 3M
  8. AND
  9. Zoopla
  10. Crunchyroll

Which Companies Use Python?

The following companies use Python:-

  1. Uber
  2. Netflix
  3. Instagram
  4. Pinterest
  5. Spotify
  6. Udemy
  7. Shopify
  8. Google
  9. Tinder
  10. Reddit

Developer Salary

The base salary for a Perl developer is approximately $80,628 per year in the United States. On the other hand, Python developers earn roughly $110000 per year in the United States.
Python vs Perl is the crucial battle between the object-oriented programming languages in the world. Both of these programming languages have lots of similarities. That’s what the students get into hassle while choosing one of them for their career. Here in this blog, we will have an in-depth comparison between Python vs Perl to determine which one is the best programming language for your career.

Command Line

After installing Python from their official website in the 64-bit version of the code. Then your code would look like this to run your Python code from the Python scripting file.
C: >python script.py
For Linux user, Here is the prompt
$ Python script.py
On the other and, After installing Perl on your Windows PC then the common window would look like this:-
C:>perl -e <Here is your Python code>
For Linux user, the prompt will be like this

Comment

Python uses $ for the inline comment. You can also use the three inverted commas as the documentation or comment in Python.
# This is an inline comment in Python.
You can also use this to comment in Python”””
On the other hand, Perl uses the # to inline comment within the code.
# This is the inline comment we have committed to Perl.
For documentation in Perl, we use
= and =cut
For example:
= This is the Perl comment
b you can use it as documentation also
=cut

Way of writing Code

Writing the code in Python is quite easy as compared with Perl. All you need to use plain english to code in Python. For example
if(VarA == VarB):
print(“Both are same”)
Python uses the indentation for the same (as you can see above if statement)

On the other hand, Perl uses the freedom to write the code.
Perl provides freedom to write
For example take if statement
The declaration of If statement is as follows
if ($varA != $varB) { print “Both are not same\n”; }
unless ($varA == $varB) { print “Both are same\n”; }———————————————–
print “Both are same\n” unless $varA == $varB ;
print “Both are not same\n” if $varA != $varB ;———————————————–
$varA == $varB || print “Both are same\n”;
$varA != $varB or print “Both are not same\n”;
2: Statement starts and ends with curly braces { }if (($varA != $varB) {print “hello world”;}

Conclusion

Now we have gone through the comparison between Python vs Perl. Both of these programming languages are open sources. And offer the best development environment to the programmers. Python is quite easy to learn, but on the other hand, if you want to learn Perl, you should have a programming background. There are lots of ways to perform the same task in Perl. On the other hand, you get only a unique way to perform a specific task in Python. But Python is getting more popular than Perl and also offering the best community support to its programmers. Apart from Python also offering numerous packages that are quite useful in computing environments. These packages also extend the capabilities of Python.

Python is gaining popularity in all aspects, while Perl is still in use and still has broad community support. Still, when we see things worldwide. We found Python is dominating with a vast number of packages that it supports in all computing environments. Most of the programmers said that Perl is in the dead-end. There is no future scope with Perl, but this is not true. Python is still playing a crucial role in text processing and developing real-time systems for Linux. But if you would not like to be a limited programmer, then you should go with Python. It uses some of the latest technologies, i.e., machine learning, artificial intelligence, and data science.

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