python vs perl

Python vs Perl: Which One is A Better Option for You?

Python vs Perl is the crucial battle between the object-oriented programming languages in the world. Both of these programming languages have lots of similarities. That’s what the students get into hassle while choosing one of them for their career. Here in this blog, we will have an in-depth comparison between Python vs Perl to determine which one is the best programming language for your career.

Python

Python is a general-purpose, open-source programming language. It is a high level and most powerful programming language. Python was developed in the year 1991 by Guido Van Rossum. He established a foundation for Python programming i.e., know a Python software foundation. The motive behind the development of Python was to emphasize code readability. And save the time of the programmer to write fewer lines of code to implement something with Python. It is one of the simplest programming languages in the world. Anyone can start learning Python without having a solid programming background. 

Perl

Peril is quite similar to Python. It is one of the best object-oriented programming languages in the world. It was developed in the year 1987 by Larry Wall. The major purpose behind the development of Perl programming was to develop it for text processing. You can perform almost every task with Perl that you expect from the general-purpose programming language. If you have good command over C and C++, you will find Perl quite easy. It is an open-source programming language that is used to build and implement applications in Unix systems. LIkewise C programming, Perl also requires semicolon to end the line. Perl is not an easy programming language. 

Python vs Perl

Command Line

After installing Python from their official website in the 64-bit version of the code. Then your code would look like this to run your Python code from the Python scripting file. 

C: >python script.py 

For Linux user, Here is the prompt

$python script.py

On the other and After installing Perl on your Windows PC then the common window would look like this:-

C:>perl -e <Here is your Python code>

For Linux user the prompt will be like this

$perl -e <Here is you Perl code>

Whitespaces

Whitespaces play a crucial role in Python. You need to care more about whitespaces in Python. Because if you commit any whitespace error in Python then you will have the syntax error in Python.

On the other hand, there is no use of whitespaces in Perl.

Comment

Python uses $ for the inline comment. You can also use the three inverted commas as the documentation or comment in Python.

# This is an inline comment in Python.

You can also use this to comment in Python”””

On the other hand, Perl uses the # to inline comment within the code. 

# This is the inline comment we have committed to Perl.

For documentation in Perl we use 

= and =cut

For example:

= This is the Perl comment

b you can use it as documentation also

=cut

Statement End

You need not end the statement or line in Python because the use of whitespace does this job. 

On the other hand, Perl’s statements end with the semicolon i.e., this symbol.

File Extension

Python uses the .py file extension to save the Python file. For example, demo.py. It is the python file named demo. 

On the other hand, the .pl file extension is used to save the Perl file. For example, demo.pl. It is the Perl File named demo.

Way of writing Code

Writing the code in Python is quite easy as compared with Perl. All you need to use plain english to code in Python. For example 

if(VarA == VarB):

print(“Both are same”)

Python uses the indentation for the same (as you can see above if statement)

On the other hand, Perl uses the freedom to write the code.

Perl provides freedom to write

For example take if statement

The declaration of If statement is as follows

if ($varA != $varB) { print “Both are not same\n”; }

unless ($varA == $varB) { print “Both are same\n”; }———————————————–

print “Both are same\n” unless $varA == $varB ;

print “Both are not same\n” if $varA != $varB ;———————————————–

$varA == $varB || print “Both are same\n”;

$varA != $varB or print “Both are not same\n”;

2: Statement starts and ends with curly braces { }if (($varA != $varB) {print “hello world”;}

Datatypes

Python is having some of the most common data types i.e. numeric, strings, lists, dictionaries, tuples.

On the other hand, datatypes supported by Perl are string, Scalars, Arrays, Hashes.

Conclusion

Now we have gone through the comparison between Python vs Perl. Both of these programming languages are open sources and offer the best development environment to the programmers. Python is quite easy to learn, but on the other hand, if you want to learn Perl, you should have a programming background. There are lots of ways to perform the same task in Perl. On the other hand, you get only a unique way to perform a specific task in Python. But Python is getting more popularity than Perl and also offering the best community support to its programmers. Apart from the Python also offering numerous packages that are quite useful in computing environments. These packages also extend the capabilities of Python.

Python is gaining popularity in all aspects, while Perl is still in use and still has broad community support. Still, when we see the things worldwide, we found Python is dominating with a vast number of packages that it supports in all computing environments. Most of the programmers said that Perl is in the dead-end. There is no future scope with Perl, but this is not true. Python is still playing a crucial role in text processing and developing real-time systems for Linux. But if you would not like to be a limited programmer, then you should go with Python. It uses some of the latest technologies i.e., machine learning, artificial intelligence, and data science. 

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