When it comes to server-side scripting, then the comparison between Python vs Ruby is always a big concern for the students. They always get into a dilemma to choose the best one between these two programming languages. Both of these programming languages are high-level programming languages and are also known as server-side scripting languages. Python and Ruby are focusing on simpler, crispier, and high-level performance codes. There are a lot of similarities between these two programming languages. But here, in this blog post, I will show you the major differences between Python vs Ruby.
Almost everyone knows Python is a general-purpose, high-level programming language. But only a few know that it was organically developed as a prototyping language in a scientific community. If the prototype worked, then it could easily be translated into C++. Python motivated a massive number of people around the world to start learning Python. As we know, Python is one of the simplest programming languages, but it has only one best way to do something.
On the other hand, Ruby has one of the best high-level programming languages that focus on human language programming. Its code is as simple as Python. Even its code is similar to verbal language rather than a complex machine-based code. That is why millions of programmers around the world love Ruby. It is quite simple and easy to learn for beginners as well. Let’s compare python vs ruby on some crucial points:-
Python vs Ruby
Web Apps Development
Both of these programming languages are offering tremendous support for developing web apps and prototypes. These programming languages are offering the best libraries and persistence support to the users. Apart from that, they also offer feature packers frameworks, i.e., Django framework in Python and Ruby on Rails for web apps development.
These programming languages are interpreted scripting languages, i.e., these languages are quite slower than compiled programming languages such as C, C++, and Java. In contrast, you will not get the faster output with these programming languages.
Python is not as good as Ruby for web development. However, it is offering Django i.e., one of the best Python libraries for web development. Python is best for academic and scientific terminology, so it is not as powerful for web development purposes. On the other hand, Ruby is one of the most preferred programming languages for web development. It is offering the Rails framework that is quite powerful to meet the requirements of web development. It is quite easy to develop complex websites using Ruby on Rails.
Python is one of the simplest programming languages. It allows the users to do the same thing with a single method. However, the user can implement their logic to do the same things in different ways. On the other hand, Ruby works on the principle of “least astonishment” because it offers myriad ways to do the same thing. These similar methods usually have the same names. That is why these methods become confusing for the developers.
Python offers a wide range of data types such as form list, tuple, set, and dictionary. On the other hand, Ruby doesn’t offer a wide range of data types, but its array is equivalent to Python’s list and dictionary.
Python doesn’t support namespace collision; that is, it always tries to avoid namespace collision. It always gives each file its namespace that is achieved by modules, nested functions, and classes. On the other hand, Ruby is more collision prone.
Iteration use in Python programming is central and blends naturally with the other features of Python programming. On the other hand, there is not significant and seldom use of iterators in Ruby.
Python is the best programming that can distinguish between Unicode strings that collect the code-points and byte-strings that are the classical bags of byte with no determined encoding. It is then converted to a Unicode string by explicitly stating an encoding to parse with. On the other hand, all strings are treated as byte-strings with a semi-hidden flag in Ruby to tell what encoding they are stored with.
The nested functions in Python allow the users to do the nest defs to define functions. Therefore it can only be used within the scope of another enclosing function. It makes the nested functions quite helpful in Python. On the other hand, Ruby encounters nested defs. It defines the new function on an object’s class; its enclosing function was called on, which is not so important.
Date And Time
Ruby offers the three classes for dealing with dates and times. Date stores in date as a year-month-day tuple. Apart from that, the DateTime stores the date and time together. The last one is Time that stores a date and time. On the other hand, Python supports the native and aware date-time objects. It is the former having no conception of the existence of time zones. And the latter support the database for full historical time zones awareness.
When it comes to coding blogs, then Ruby has simpler and elegant blocks as compared with Python. On the other hand, Python coding blocks are full of decorators, classes, and first-class functions, but it is not as good as Ruby and still lags behind the Ruby coding blocks.
Python is a general-purpose programming language, and it can be used in almost any programming requirement. But still, Python has some limits for most of the programming tasks. That is why it is considered the best academic and scientific programming language. It is also one of the most preferred languages for data science. On the other hand, Ruby is one of the most popular functional programming languages. It is considered the best language for web development.
Python is one of the most powerful programming languages, easy to use for data-heavy sites and servers with high traffic volume. It is also quite useful for faster operating with math, big data, and scientific calculations. It offers numerous libraries that data scientists and data analysts highly prefer. On the other hand, Ruby is the best programming language for developing complex and high traffic sites and applications without any hassle.
Python is easy to learn because of its syntax, and it also offers brilliant code readability. It is quite speedy to perform some of the tasks. You can also enhance its speed using some libraries and modules. Python is highly efficient and reliable to perform data science and data analytics tasks where you need high efficiency. On the other hand, Ruby is highly expressive and efficient in developing complex web applications and web apps that deal with a high amount of data. It is also elegant and powerful enough to handle that much amount of data with ease.
Propensity of Developers
Whenever Python programmers want to change the code, then they usually face stability issues. On the other hand, it also has conservative code, and the developers get fewer updates. On the other hand, Ruby allows the developers to do creative coding, and it also gets frequent updates faster than Python. It also allows the developer full freedom and flexibility even if they change the code at regular intervals. There is no stability issue in Ruby, and its code is quite readable and easy to change and modify.
Python is part of almost all of the most popular web applications in the world. It works as one of the major components of these web applications such as YouTube, Instagram, Google, Spotify, Pinterest, Reddit, BitTorrent. On the other hand, some of the great websites have also developed using Ruby. In other words, Ruby is the major language for the backend of these web applications, such as Twitter, Basecamp, Hulu, Airbnb, Hulu, etc.
After having a close look at the comparison between Python vs Ruby, we have concluded that both of these programming languages are efficient and highly reliable. Apart from that, these languages also have community support. You should choose Python when you need to deal with computation, such as statistical computation and data computing. It is the best programming language to process and performs statistical and mathematical operations over large data sets.
On the other hand, Ruby fits in the scenarios where you need to deal with the heavy amount of data in your web application or website. If you want to develop web applications, both programming languages offer the best framework for web development. But as I have mentioned earlier, Ruby is the best choice for flexibility in web development. Whenever you get into trouble while developing in Ruby, you can get other developers’ instant support using Ruby’s community.