When it comes to server-side scripting, then the comparison between Python vs Ruby is always a big concern for the students. They always get into a dilemma to choose the best one between these two programming languages. Both of these programming languages are high-level programming languages and are also known as server-side scripting languages.
Python and Ruby are focusing on simpler, crispier, and high-level performance codes. There are a lot of similarities between these two programming languages. But here, in this blog post, I will show you the major differences between Python vs Ruby.
Almost everyone knows Python is a general-purpose, high-level programming language. But only a few know that it was organically developed as a prototyping language in a scientific community. If the prototype worked, then it could easily be translated into C++. Python motivated a massive number of people around the world to start learning Python. As we know, Python is one of the simplest programming languages, but it has only one best way to do something.
On the other hand, Ruby has one of the best high-level programming languages that focus on human language programming. Its code is as simple as Python. Even its code is similar to verbal language rather than a complex machine-based code. That is why millions of programmers around the world love Ruby. It is quite simple and easy to learn for beginners as well. Let’s compare these programming languages on some crucial points:-
Python vs Ruby performance
Although Python is a diverse and stable programming language, it is one of the slowest programming languages. Apart from that, it is also slower in innovations. On the other hand, Ruby is a concise and elegant programming language that is quite faster than Python. Apart from that, it is also high on innovation.
Python vs Ruby web development
Ruby is always a better choice when it comes to web development. But it has limited features for web application development.
If you just want to stick with web development Ruby is your best choice. But if you have in mind to add other features to your web application, like machine learning or other computer science areas, Python is the most suitable as it has libraries that support other fields.
Is ruby similar to python
Ruby is quite similar to Python. Although these programming languages are quite similar to each other such as both of these are scripting languages that work on the server-side. Apart from that these programming languages are general purpose with cross-platform compatibility support. Both of these programming languages are open source and can be used in commercial projects for free.
ruby vs python syntax
Which is better Ruby or Python
As per the current scenario, Python is quite better than Ruby. There are multiple reasons for this such as it is quite a simple and versatile programming language. It can be integrated with the 4th and 5th generation programming languages easily. Apart from that, it is not just quite useful for current technologies but also capable of working with futuristic technologies.
If we talk about speed, then there are some libraries that can help programmers to achieve results faster with Python. But the results may not be as fast as C, C++, or any other compiler-based languages. All these reasons make Python better than Ruby. Although Ruby also has some advantages over Python. But as a whole, we can say that Python is still better and it is continuously developed by the programmers.
How is Ruby different from Python?
There are lots of differences between Ruby and Python. The major difference is Ruby is an object-oriented programming language whereas Python is a multi-paradigm programming language. Ruby is the best programming language for web development and functional programming. That is why it is the preferred choice for web developers to develop complex web apps and websites. On the other hand, Python is a preferred choice for machine learning, scientific programming, data science, and lots of modern-day technologies. But it is not the best choice for web development. Ruby is based on functions whereas Python is based on methods.
What is easier, Ruby or Python?
If we talk about ease of learning then Python is quite easy to learn by anyone. It has one of the easiest syntaxes in the world. Although Ruby is also offering Plain English word-like syntax and it has elegant syntax. But still, Python syntax is more natural as compared with Ruby. Because it has little to no use of braces and semicolons that make programming complex enough for beginners. Therefore Python is easier than Ruby.
Why is Python preferred over Ruby?
There are endless reasons for this, but the major reason is code readability. We know that the developers need to update or modify the code as per the requirements. That is why the developers prefer easy code readability. That makes it easy to update the code. On the other hand, Ruby is not offering the best code readability as compared with Ruby. Apart from this due to the versatile nature of Python, it is used in many technologies. Therefore Python developers get a higher salary than Ruby developers. That is why Python is the preferred choice over Ruby.
Is Ruby difficult to learn?
No, Ruby is not a difficult programming language to learn. Even it is one of the simplest programming languages to learn. It has plain English-like command and it is quite simpler than the OO language, which is also a plus point. The only difficulty with Ruby is its blocks and procs. But we know that practice makes anyone perfect. That is why if you work hard on time then you can easily get a good command over their concepts of Ruby. Overall Ruby is an easy-to-learn programming language.
What companies use Ruby?
python vs ruby for scripting
Both of these programming languages are server-side scripting languages. Python is good enough to create scripts for web applications and software, whereas Ruby is the best programming language to create scripting for websites. Both of these programming languages have their own advantages as scripting languages.
Python vs ruby for automation
Python is always a preferred choice for automation. Most programmers and developers are more likely to create automation scripts with Python. Apart from that, it is also the best choice for automation testing. On the other hand, Ruby is not as good as Python for automation. But it is still better than most of the programming languages.
Python vs Ruby salary
According to the salary report of Glassdoor, Python developers earn nearly $100k per annum. On the other hand, Ruby developers earn nearly 80k per annum. The pay scale is high enough for Python developers.
Web Apps Development
Both of these programming languages are offering tremendous support for developing web apps and prototypes. These programming languages are offering the best libraries and persistence support to the users. Apart from that, they also offer feature packers frameworks i.e., Django framework in Python and Ruby on Rails for web apps development.
These programming languages are interpreted scripting languages, i.e., these languages are quite slower than compiled programming languages such as C, C++, and Java. In contrast, you will not get the faster output with these programming languages.
Python vs Ruby for Web Development
Python is not as good as Ruby for web development. However, it is offering Django i.e., one of the best Python libraries for web development. Python is best for academic and scientific terminology, so it is not as much as powerful for web development purposes. On the other hand, Ruby is one of the most preferred programming languages for web development. It is offering the Rails framework that is quite powerful to meet the requirements of web development. It is quite easy to develop complex websites using Ruby on Rails.
Python is one of the simplest programming languages. It allows the users to do the same thing with a single method. However, the user can implement their logic to do the same things in different ways. On the other hand, Ruby works on the principle of “least astonishment” because it offers myriad ways to do the same thing. These similar methods usually have the same names. That is why these methods become confusing for the developers.
Python offers a wide range of data types such as form list, tuple, set, and dictionary. On the other hand, Ruby doesn’t offer a wide range of data types, but its array is equivalent to Python’s list and dictionary.
Python doesn’t support namespace collision; that is, it always tries to avoid namespace collision. It always gives each file its namespace that is achieved by modules, nested functions, and classes. On the other hand, Ruby is more collision prone.
Iteration use in Python programming is central and blends naturally with the other features of Python programming. On the other hand, there is no significant and seldom use of iterators in Ruby.
Python is the best programming language that can distinguish between Unicode strings that collect the code points and byte-strings that are the classical bags of bytes with no determined encoding. It is then converted to a Unicode string by explicitly stating an encoding to parse with. On the other hand, all strings are treated as byte-strings with a semi-hidden flag in Ruby to tell what encoding they are stored with.
The nested functions in Python allow the users to do the nest defs to define functions. Therefore it can only be used within the scope of another enclosing function. It makes the nested functions quite helpful in Python. On the other hand, Ruby encounters nested defs. It defines the new function on the class of an object; its enclosing function was called on, which is not so important.
Date And Time
Ruby offers the three classes for dealing with dates and times. Date stores date as a year-month-day tuple. Apart from that, the DateTime stores the date and time together. The last one is Time which stores a date and time. On the other hand, Python supports the native and aware date-time objects. It is the former having no conception of the existence of time zones. And the latter support the database for full historical time zones awareness.
When it comes to coding blogs, Ruby has simpler and more elegant blocks as compared with Python. On the other hand, Python coding blocks are full of decorators, classes, and first-class functions, but it is not as good as Ruby and still lags behind the Ruby coding blocks.
Python is a general-purpose programming language, and it can be used in almost any programming requirement. But still, Python has some limits for most of the programming tasks. That is why it is considered the best academic and scientific programming language. It is also one of the most preferred languages for data science. On the other hand, Ruby is one of the most popular functional programming languages. It is considered the best language for web development.
Python is one of the most powerful programming languages, easy to use for data-heavy sites and servers with high traffic volume. It is also quite useful for faster operating with math, big data, and scientific calculations. It offers numerous libraries that data scientists and data analysts highly prefer. On the other hand, Ruby is the best programming language for developing complex and high-traffic sites and applications without any hassle.
Python is easy to learn because of its syntax, and it also offers brilliant code readability. It is quite speedy to perform some of the tasks. You can also enhance its speed using some libraries and modules. Python is highly efficient and reliable to perform data science and data analytics tasks where you need high efficiency. On the other hand, Ruby is highly expressive and efficient in developing complex web applications and web apps that deal with a high amount of data. It is also elegant and powerful enough to handle that much amount of data with ease.
Propensity of Developers
Whenever Python programmers want to change the code, then they usually face stability issues. On the other hand, it also has conservative code, and the developers get fewer updates. On the other hand, Ruby allows the developers to do creative coding, and it also gets frequent updates faster than Python. It also allows the developer full freedom and flexibility even if they change the code at regular intervals. There is no stability issue in Ruby, and its code is quite readable and easy to change and modify.
Python is part of almost all of the most popular web applications in the world. It works as one of the major components of these web applications such as YouTube, Instagram, Google, Spotify, Pinterest, Reddit, BitTorrent. On the other hand, some of the great websites have also been developed using Ruby. In other words, Ruby is the major language for the backend of these web applications, such as Twitter, Basecamp, Hulu, Airbnb, Hulu, etc.
|Basis of Comparison||Python||Ruby|
|Core areas||It is used for scientific programming and statistics computation. For this, it offers numerous libraries and packages.||Ruby is the best programming language for web development and functional programming.|
|Use cases||Python is one of the best programming languages for data-heavy sites and servers. It is the best choice for high traffic volume. Apart from that it also provides faster operations for math, big data, and scientific calculations. That is why it is a preferred choice for data scientists.||Ruby is the best programming language for high-traffic sites and web applications.|
|Distinctive Properties||It is easy to learn, conservative, good code readability, speed, and efficiency.||It is an expressive, efficient, elegant, and most powerful programming language.|
|Propensity of Developers||Stable updates and conservative code but still fewer updates for Python.||Creative coding, frequent updates, flexibility, freedom, and readable code.|
|Object-Oriented||Python is not a fully object-oriented programming language,||Ruby is a fully object-oriented programming language.|
|Developing Environment||It has multiple IDEs support. multiple IDEs are supported.||Only Eclipse IDE is supported.EclipseIDE is supported.|
|Web frameworks||It has Django for web development||It hasRuby on Rails for web development|
|Libraries||An enormous amount of libraries in Python for different purposes..||It has a limited number of libraries as compared with Python.|
|Anonymous functions||Python supports only lambdas.||Ruby supports blocks, procs and lambdas.|
|Functions||Python has functions.||Ruby doesn’t have functions.|
|switch/case statement||Python doesn’t support switch/case statements.||Ruby supports switch/case statement.|
|Built-in classes||You can’t modify built-in classes in Python.||You can modify built-in classes in Ruby.|
|Inheritance||It has the best support for multiple inheritances.||It only supports single inheritance.|
|Tuples||Python supports tuples.||Ruby does not support tuples|
Pros of Python
- Great libraries
- Readable code
- Beautiful code
- Rapid development
- Large community
- Open source
- Great community
- Object oriented
- Dynamic typing
- Great standard library
- Functional programming
- Scientific computing
- Easy to learn
- Great documentation
- Matlab alternative
- Easy to read
- Simple is better than complex
Pros of Ruby
- Programme friendly
- Quick to develop
- Great community
- Open source
- Powerful one-liners
- Easy to learn
- Easy to start
- Diverse web frameworks
- Fun to write
- Reads like English
- Makes me smarter and happier
- Elegant syntax
- Very Dynamic
- Easy packaging and modules
Cons of Python
- Still divided between python 2 and python 3
- Performance impact
- Hard to understand
- Dynamic typing
- Very slow
Cons of Ruby
- Memory hog
- Really slow if you’re not really careful
- Nested Blocks can make code unreadable
- Encouraging imperative programming
- Ambiguous Syntax, such as function parentheses
Companies uses Python
- Uber Technologies
Companies uses Ruby
What tools integrate with Python?
What tools integrate with Ruby?
After having a close look at the comparison between Python vs Ruby, we have concluded that both of these programming languages are efficient and highly reliable. Apart from that, these languages also have community support. You should choose Python when you need to deal with computation, such as statistical computation and data computing. It is the best programming language to process and performs statistical and mathematical operations over large data sets.
On the other hand, Ruby fits in the scenarios where you need to deal with the heavy amount of data in your web application or website. If you want to develop web applications, both of these programming languages offer the best framework for web development. But as I have mentioned earlier, Ruby is the best choice when it comes to flexibility in web development. Whenever you get into trouble while developing in Ruby, you can get the instant support of other developers using Ruby’s community.